- The intentional copying of others studies without appropriate attribution or copying content without providing for appropriate references is called Plagiarism.
- There is strict policy in case of plagiarism in JCC within its purview. If any element of plagiarism is detects by the editorial board member, reviewer, author etc.; the authors are recommended to provide proper citations either before, during or after the publication process
- The plagiarism checking is performed immediately after submission of manuscript and before starting of the review process.
- If plagiarism is detected less than 5%, the manuscript is sent for revision. If the plagiarism extent is in the range of 5% to 30%, the manuscript will be sent back to the author. If the plagiarism is detected to be higher than 30%, the manuscript is rejected before the review process and the authors are advised to revise and resubmit the manuscript.
- The manuscript which clears the review process and gets published in the journal but later on detected to contain plagiarized content, the author’s office and funding agencies are contacted. Each page of the PDF is marked and based on the extent of plagiarism; the article may be formally retracted.
- Similarity Check is a multi-publisher initiative to screen published and submitted content for originality. JCC uses the Crossref Similarity Check Powered by iThenticate software for detecting instances of similar text and overlapping in submitted manuscripts. Wherever you see the “Cossref” logo, you can be reassured that the content you are reading is committed to actively combating plagiarism and publishing original research.
- For self-plagiarism it is the authors’ own responsibility to clearly demarcate the differences between quoting exact words and paraphrasing as well as citing with proper references.
If the suspected plagiarism is detected in a published article
- The individual who has disclosed the plagiarism content is advised to follow the process to address the issue more effectively.
- The extent of copying in the published article suspected of plagiarism is evaluated.
- The Editorial Board members are intimated and asked for their valuable feedback.
- The author for the article in question is contacted with supporting evidence and asked for a response.
- If the authors are found guilty of plagiarism, JCC publishes official retraction of the paper.
- The publishers will not consider the author’s any publications in the future for a period of 2 years.
- The authors are required to acknowledge that they are well aware of JCC policy on plagiarism before they make article’s copyright transfer agreement.
- Different types of plagiarism are explained based on extent, originality of the copied material, context, referencing, intention, author seniority and language. The Journal responses to plagiarism include educating authors, contacting authors’ institutions, issuing corrections and issuing retractions.
- The Editor provides the following documentation in response to the plagiarized work: the description of the alleged misconduct; manuscript title; the list of the authors; title of ideas; list of creators and date of creation; copies of both the manuscripts; full name and address of the complainant.
- The charge of the plagiarism, the supporting materials and the outcomes remain confidential and are known to only those who are involved in the review process.
- The sanctions on the plagiarized manuscript include ban from the submission to JCC for a period of time; and the author guilty of plagiarism holding the editorial office is removed. The authors are asked to write a letter of apology to the author of the plagiarized paper and admitting to the act of plagiarism. In the event of denial from the author of plagiarism charges, penalties are invoked for providing statutory relief and U.S. Copyright law allows a copyright owner to seek a maximum of $150,000 in damages upon a determination of willful infringement of copyright.
The Journal expects the authors to follow the ensuing guidelines:
- The focus should be on ideas published in the prior works.
- In Word-to-Word Copying, the authors are expected to ensure their works are properly italicized and indented, citations to include link to URLs.
- Though the Journal adopts double-blind review, however proper attribution is provided.
- The creative contribution of ideas, texts, analyzes presented in a paper which is under consideration for the publication are also cited in subsequent papers as a first source.
- Using, duplicating and copying the empirical data that is employed in the previous published works must be properly referenced and cited.
- When using the mathematical data from the previous works it is always advisable to re-use of notation for the consistency, re-use of variable definition is encouraged.
- When in doubt, it is always best to cite the previous publications or describe the situation writing a cover letter to the editor.