- Plagiarism refers to the act of intentionally copying someone else's work without giving appropriate references, whether it involves copying their studies or content.
- iThenticate or Turnitin Plagiarism Detection Software is used to check for plagiarism immediately after manuscript submission and before the review process begins. The "Crossref" logo on a publication indicates a commitment to combating plagiarism and publishing original research.
- JCC has a strict policy regarding plagiarism during the peer-review process. If plagiarism is detected by the editorial board, reviewer, author, etc., the authors are required to provide proper citations before, during, or after the publication process.
- If plagiarism is discovered in a manuscript after publication, the Editor-in-Chief will conduct a preliminary investigation with the assistance of a suitable committee. If the plagiarism is deemed beyond acceptable limits, the journal will inform the author's institute/college/university and any funding agency. If misconduct is determined, the journal will publish a statement linked to the original paper, noting the plagiarism and providing a reference to the plagiarized material. The PDF of the paper containing the plagiarism will also be marked on each page, and the paper may be formally retracted depending on the extent of plagiarism found.
- Manuscripts found to contain plagiarism during the initial review stages will be rejected outright and not considered for publication. We do not process any plagiarized content. If a manuscript has a similarity index over 20% and reference sources over 5% based on plagiarism checker results, we will reject the manuscript and send it back to the author for revision to address the plagiarized content.
Types of Plagiarism
The following types of plagiarism are considered by the journal:
- Full plagiarism: Full plagiarism involves presenting previously published content as one's own without making any changes to the text, idea, or grammar. This includes copying exact text from a source without appropriate attribution.
- Partial plagiarism: Partial plagiarism occurs when an author extensively rephrases text from multiple sources to create new content, without giving proper credit to the original sources.
- Self-plagiarism occurs when an author reuses their own pre-published research, either in part or in full. Complete self-plagiarism is when an author republishes their own previously published work in a new journal. In the case of self-plagiarism, it is the author's responsibility to clearly distinguish between quoted text and paraphrased content, and to cite their own work with proper references.
Policy and Action for Plagiarism
JCC values and upholds the principles of intellectual property, and strives to protect and promote the original work of its authors. Manuscripts containing plagiarism are not in keeping with the high standards of quality, research, and innovation that the journal seeks to uphold. Therefore, all authors submitting articles to the journal are expected to adhere to ethical standards and avoid all forms of plagiarism. If an author is suspected of plagiarism in a submitted or published manuscript, the journal will contact the author(s) and request an explanation within two weeks. The matter may then be referred to a Fact Finding Committee (FFC) for further investigation and action. If the journal does not receive a response from the author within the stipulated time period, the concerned College, Institution or Organization's Director/Dean/Head or the author's affiliated University's Vice Chancellor will be contacted to take appropriate action.
JCC takes a serious view of published manuscripts found to contain plagiarism and will completely remove them from the journal's website and any other third-party websites where the paper is indexed. If any article in the journal's database is reported to be plagiarized, JCC will promptly initiate an investigation by constituting a Fact Finding Committee (FFC). If the manuscript is found to be plagiarized from previously published work, JCC will support the original author and manuscript, irrespective of the publisher. The journal may take immediate action or follow additional measures recommended by the committee, which may include:
- In case of suspected plagiarism, JCC editorial office will promptly contact the Director/Dean/Head of the affiliated College, Institution, or Organization or the Vice Chancellor of the University to take strict action against the concerned author(s).
- JCC will remove the PDF copy of the published manuscript from its website and disable all links to the full-text article. The published manuscript title will be labeled as "Plagiarized Manuscript".
- JCC will disable the author's account with the journal and reject any future submissions from the author for a period of 3/ 5/ 10 years, or even permanently ban the author.
- JCC may also publicly display the list of such authors along with their full contact details on the journal website.
- JCC will take any other necessary course of action as recommended by the Committee or as deemed appropriate by the Editorial Board, from time to time.