Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics


JCC's ethical approach adhere to the publication ethics and malpractice policies outlined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).


JCC is committed to maintaining the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all reasonable measures to investigate and address publication misconduct. This includes but is not limited to fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and redundant publication.

  • Fabrication refers to the act of making up data or results and then recording or reporting them as if they were genuine.
  • Falsification involves manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes or changing or omitting data or results to misrepresent the research record.
  • Plagiarism involves appropriating another person's ideas, processes, results, or words without giving proper credit.
  • Redundant publication refers to submitting a manuscript that has already been published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere.

JCC does not tolerate any form of publication misconduct, and authors are expected to adhere to the highest ethical standards in their research and writing. Authors must not submit their manuscripts to other journals while they are under review at JCC, and violation of this policy will lead to rejection of their submissions (if still under review) or retraction of their published paper. In such instances, the incident will be reported to the relevant institutions.

JCC reserves the right to contact authors' institutions to investigate possible publication misconduct if editors find conclusive evidence of such misconduct before or after publication. As a member of CrossCheck, JCC screens all submitted content for originality. In the event of suspected misconduct, the editors will follow the relevant COPE guidelines, which can be found at

Responsibilities of Reviewers and Editors

JCC enforces a rigorous review process for all submissions. To ensure systematic and accurate reviews, JCC provides a review report form. Reviewers should evaluate both the research quality and the manuscript, and provide constructive feedback to enhance the paper's final quality. This approach promotes fair, rapid, comprehensive, and comparable assessment of research. The editor evaluates manuscripts based solely on the paper's importance, originality, clarity, validity, relevance to the journal's scope, and adherence to legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. JCC editors evaluate manuscripts impartially, without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy.

JCC is committed to the highest publication ethics standards and takes publication malpractice and conflicts of interest seriously. Some personal, financial, and professional affiliations or relationships may constitute conflicts of interest, which all authors, JCC editors, and reviewers must disclose at submission.

The review process of JCC is strictly confidential, and reviewers and editors must maintain confidentiality and not use any confidential information before the paper's publication. JCC believes that an efficient editorial process leading to timely publication is beneficial to authors and the scientific community.


  1. Manuscripts should be submitted with the understanding that they have not been previously published, nor are they currently being considered for publication by any other journal or publisher.
  2. By submitting an article, the corresponding author implies that all authors and responsible authorities at the research site have consented to its publication.
  3. Authorship should adhere to the following criteria: (1) conception and study design, data acquisition, or data analysis and interpretation; (2) drafting the article or critically revising it for intellectual content; (3) final approval of the submitted version. All authors must meet these criteria for authorship, and no one should be omitted from the list if they meet the criteria.
  4. All authors must agree to let the corresponding author act as the editorial office's correspondent, reviewing the edited manuscript and proof.
  5. Any changes to authorship (addition, deletion, or rearrangement) must be made before the manuscript is accepted, and only with the journal editor's approval. The corresponding author must explain the reason for the change and provide written confirmation (via email) from all authors agreeing to add, remove, or rearrange authors. The article's publication will be suspended while the editor considers the request. Changes to affiliations will not be allowed after publication, but a note about the author's new address can be added to the article's webpage if necessary. Any changes to authorship made after the article's publication are not permitted. Authors must fill out the Changes to Authorship Form, which is available at the following URL: change of authorship form.doc , if applicable.
  6. Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be required to complete a ‘Copyright form’ and transfer the article's copyright to the Publisher. Submitted materials may be considered for inclusion but cannot be returned.
  7. Under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, and anyone can copy, distribute, or reuse these articles, provided the author and original source are properly cited.

Conflict of Interest

Authors, referees, and editors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with individuals or organizations that could inappropriately affect (bias) their work.

Disclosure may include:

  • Employment with any organization (past, present, or anticipated)
  • Sources of research funding from any organization
  • Personal financial interests, such as stocks and shares in companies that could gain or lose financially through publication, consultation fees or other remuneration from organizations, and patents or patent applications whose value may be affected by publication
  • Membership in relevant organizations
  • Working or recently working in the same institution or department as the authors
  • Recently supervising, mentoring, being mentored by, collaborating closely with, or jointly holding a grant with the authors
  • Having a personal relationship with any of the authors

All manuscripts must include a section on competing interests. If the authors have no competing interests, they should state "The authors declare no conflict of interest".

Fundamental errors in published works

If an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their published work, it is their responsibility to promptly inform the journal editor or publisher and work with them to retract or correct the paper through an erratum.

Funding Disclosure

Authors must disclose any financial support received from organizations, institutions, or individuals when submitting their article. Examples of funding that should be acknowledged include:

  • Research funds: The source of the funds and any grant numbers should be included in the acknowledgments section at the end of the paper.
  • Funding for the article processing charge for an open access article: This should also be included in the acknowledgments section.
  • Funding for writing, language editing, or editorial assistance: This should be disclosed in the acknowledgments section.