Application of nano compounds for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of SARS-coronavirus: A review


  • Ahmed Hamad Saleh Biology Department, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Iraq
  • Dharmendra Kumar Department of Pharmacy, School of Medical and Allied Sciences, Galgotias University, Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Ivo Sirakov Medical University of Sofia, Faculty of Medicine, Department "Medical Microbiology", 2 "Zdrave" St., Post code 1431, Bulgaria
  • Parisa Shafiee Catalyst and Nano Material Research Laboratory (CNMRL), School of Chemical, Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
  • Mehrnoosh Arefian Department of Biochemistry, Islamic Azad University, Falavarjan Branch, Isfahan, Iran



SARS-coronavirus, Nanocompounds, COVID-19, Nanotechnology


Coronavirus disease, also called COVID-19, a universal health concern, has a?ected more than 200 countries after its declaration as a pandemic on 11 March 2020 by the World Health Organization, WHO. COVID-19 results due to SARS-CoV-2 entrance into the epithelial cells of the human’s lung. Recently, nanotechnology has turned to be a great promising method used in the medical feld regarding viruses. By mitigating infection, nanotechnology plays an important part in the diagnostics, prevention, and therapeutic approaches for controlling COVID-19. The development of nanomaterials for viral disease is based on preventive measures and disinfectants, diagnostic devices, and therapeutic drugs or vaccines to transfer antiviral drugs into the human body. Being at the same scale as viruses, nanoparticles can replicate the functional and structural properties of viruses, and nanomaterials can be the best substitute for developing vaccines. A broad range of nanostructures, including gold, silver, zinc, graphene, carbon, liposomes, and polymeric compounds, have antiviral activity and can be employed in vaccine development or inactivation of the virus.

Graphical Abstract




How to Cite

Saleh, A. H., Kumar, D., Sirakov, I., Shafiee, P., & Arefian, M. (2021). Application of nano compounds for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of SARS-coronavirus: A review. Journal of Composites and Compounds, 3(9), 230–246.



Review Articles