A numerical model for investigation of dynamic behavior and free vibration of functionally graded cylindrical helical springs

Authors

  • Zohreh Ebrahimi zh.ebr73@gmail.com Department of Mechanical Engineering, Payeme Noor University, Iran
  • Masoud Abasi Atibeh Department of Mechanical Engineering, Payame Noor University, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52547/jcc.3.3.5

Keywords:

FG material, Helical spring, Axial and rotational displacement, Gradient index

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate the free vibration of functional-graded (FG) cylindrical helical springs. Model differential equations of homogeneous helical springs are extended to the vibration of FG helical springs. The equations are discretized using finite difference method for space. The time dependent equations are solved using a GMRES method. The initial axial and rotational displacements are applied at the free end of the spring manually and then released. The validated numerical model is then adopted to establish the effects of the FG material index on the model natural frequencies obtained by FFT analysis. According to the results, in both homogeneous and FG helical springs, the amplitudes of axial and rotational displacements increase as they approach the free end of the spring. The numerical results indicate that the FG material index strongly affects the dynamic behavior of the cylindrical helical springs. The amplitudes of the oscillations are damped efficiently and by increasing the material gradient index.

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Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

Ebrahimi, Z., & Abasi Atibeh , M. (2021). A numerical model for investigation of dynamic behavior and free vibration of functionally graded cylindrical helical springs. Journal of Composites and Compounds, 3(8), 176–181. https://doi.org/10.52547/jcc.3.3.5

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