A review of additive manufacturing of Mg-based alloys and composite implants

  • Yasamin Zamani Islamic Azad University of Medical Sciences, Shariati St, Tehran, Iran (yasaminzamani181@gmail.com)
  • Hadi Ghazanfari Department of Mining, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Université Laval, Québec G1V 0A6, QC, Canada
  • Gisou Erabi Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia ,Iran
  • Amirhossein Moghanian Department of Materials Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin 34149-16818, Iran
  • Belma Fakić Metallurgical Institute “Kemal Kapetanović” Zenica Travnička cesta , Zenica Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Seyed Mohammad Hosseini School of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, 11155-4563, Iran
  • Babar Pasha Mahammod National Institute of Technology Warangal, Warangal, India
Keywords: Additive manufacturing, Mg alloys, 3D printing, Composite implants

Abstract

Magnesium based materials are considered promising biodegradable metals for orthopedic bone implant applications as they exhibit similar density and elastic modulus to that of bone, biodegradability, and excellent osteogenic properties. The use of Mg based biomaterials eliminates the limitations of currently used implant materials such as stress shielding and the need for the second surgery. Recently, the development of Mg-based implants has attracted significant attention. Additive manufacturing is one of the effective techniques to develop Mg based implants. Additive manufacturing which could be named 3D printing is a transformative and rapid method of producing industrial parts with in the acceptable dimensional range. Therefore, recent investigations have tried to apply this method for the development of Mg-based implants. This state-of-the-art review focuses on the additive manufacturing of Mg biodegradable materials and their in-vitro corrosion and degradation, and mechanical properties. The future directions to develop Mg biodegradable materials are reported through summarization of current achievements.

Graphical Abstract
Published
2021-03-28
How to Cite
Zamani, Y., Ghazanfari, H., Erabi, G., Moghanian, A., Fakić , B., Hosseini, S. M., & Pasha Mahammod, B. (2021). A review of additive manufacturing of Mg-based alloys and composite implants. Journal of Composites and Compounds, 3(6), 71-83. https://doi.org/10.52547/jcc.3.1.7
Section
Review Articles